The functional purpose of busbars , as an alternative to a traditional cable, is to transmit electricity at a distance and distribute it to users. They are specially designed to power luminaires, which are usually low-power electrical consumers. Busbars can be found today in commercial buildings, for example in shopping malls and industrial facilities, for example in workshops and public buildings, such as sports halls, and even in everyday life, because they perfectly match the interior of the house.
Advantages and disadvantages of busbars
Busbars can be easily mounted, dismantled, modified, their flexibility allows you to easily change the configuration of the lighting system , and even move it to another room without significant material costs. Lighting track designs are compact, reliable and, unlike cables, they are almost fireproof. Corner, simple and flexible sections of various lengths are simply mounted in accordance with the design, and when finished they have a very aesthetic appearance.
In conventional 230 and 380 volt networks, these rails can withstand currents up to 25 amperes, which is usually sufficient for lighting systems. The relative disadvantage of busbars is that, compared to cables, the bus design is developed by specialists individually for a specific room, which is why the delivery time of the equipment is longer. In addition, the design should be developed taking into account all the nuances, such as the location of ventilation ducts, various decorative structures already installed under the ceiling, etc.
Construction of busbars
The construction of lighting rails is a set of aluminum profiled elements of various shapes, differing by respectively high strength and resistance to deformation. This product of any complexity and any desired length consists of parts connected by connecting elements. Inside the aluminum profile there are four conductors that are not visible from the outside.
The suspended busbar is mounted directly on the ceiling or kept on brackets or special hangers, very popular in the creation of track lighting systems. Built-in lighting rails require a more accurate approach even at the stage of design and installation of the ceiling. Special mounting holes should be made from above in the ceiling, so that the busbars can be mounted flush with the ceiling.
Why is it worth betting on the busbars?
Of course, built-in busbars are initially expensive, but they also look more aesthetically pleasing and are more suitable for the interior, because even at the stage of interior design, designers would calculate everything the best. In any case, in order for the lighting to match the interior well and be of high quality, it is important to design the lighting system intelligently, be it a lighting fixture for a shop window or a recessed lighting rail on the apartment ceiling. It is very important to choose the length of the busbar, the number of its elements, the necessary fasteners, etc. Then you can avoid problems, and the installation with the connection will not take much time.
Application of busbars
Three-phase busbars are available on the market most often with dimensions of 1 and 2 meters. Such products are intended for surface-mounted installation in a wall or ceiling, possibly in the form of suspension of LED floodlights as well as assembly parts. A characteristic feature of this kind of busbars is the strength and resistance of the material from which they were made. In addition, this product has a high carrying capacity ensuring no deformation of the load caused by the installed headlights.
Having a track, you can freely change the luminaire layout, number and type, as well as direct the light source to any piece of room equipment. In addition, it is possible to process the entire lighting system. The use of 3-phase busbar allows you to create various constructions that can be located on the wall, ceiling or on ropes.