Outdoor Lights and Garden Lamps
Garden lights - usage
Harmony in landscape design cannot be achieved without the help of light: properly placed garden lamps secure space in garden and emphasize its natural beauty. Two main types of outdoor lights can be used in outdoors lights design. Bright, directional lamps creates the main light, and soft light scatters on illuminated object fulfilling a decorative function. There is a range of lamps on the market that perfectly illuminate surrounding landscape and bring a decorative element to it.
What is most popular use of outdoor lights?
In both classic and modern private gardens and public places, garden lighting is used to illuminate:
- Garden paths
- Rock gardens, stone compositions
- Sculptures and garden figures
- Flower beds and flower beds
- Open porches and gazebos
- Pools and ornamental ponds.
By combining main light and accent light, you can get a holistic view of space, attracting attention to the most successful and original solutions and covering the least attractive corners in the garden.
Outdoor Lights - details worthy attention
As in any other form, in the field of landscape lighting there is a number of subtleties and rules that facilitate the process of choosing and designing an outdoor light.
Security of Outdoor Lighting
Garden lamps should have reliable electrical grounding . This requirement is mandatory for outdoor lamps made of metal (or other electrically conductive material). In the case of lamps made of plastic, which is an insulator, electrical grounding is not necessary, because framing of such external luminaire does not conduct electricity.
For safety reasons, you may also consider using low voltage lights . It is a safe solution even if luminaire itself or power cord is damaged. Low-voltage power supply can be used in the case of dedicated low-voltage lighting system or any garden lamp with a replaceable light source. Garden lighting with a replaceable light source allows us to use a low-voltage light bulb (preferably LED), but requires the use of a power supply. When designing low-voltage lighting outdoor, it is necessary to take into account voltage drops in case of a long power cord (at lengths over several dozen meters) and solve this problem accordingly, e.g. by using a regulated voltage power supply, or use of alternating current (smaller voltage drops).
Security. Installation in the open air only allows for dustproof and watertight models of lighting fixtures. The body of the garden lamp should be tight and made of corrosion resistant materials. The IP Code informs us about the tightness of the garden lamp IP protection. We assume that LED garden lamps, as well as ordinary ones, are safe for outdoor use with a IP Code of at least IP44 . They are not hermetic lamps, but they protect electrical components from rain and weather conditions, and their design allows water to drain thanks to gravity.
Ideally, the laying of cables for powering the external lighting system should be carried out even at the stage of construction work, then there is no risk of damage to green areas. In practice, designing in advance is often impossible for several reasons, but there is still no absolute need to dig up your favorite lawn. Solar-powered LED garden lamps occupied a significant part of the market.
Do you need special bulbs for outdoor lights?
What is the best wattage for outdoor lighting? In order for the garden not to be transformed into a stadium covered with vegetation, lamps with soft diffused light should be preferred. For decorative garden lighting or home, just 2W to 5W LED bulbs. The use of a more powerful light source will cause a dazzle effect and a look at the garden lamp with the higher power source used will be a difficult experience for the eyes.
Case is different with garden pole lights , which are mounted high, where their purpose is lighting for what is under them, i.e. the garden, path, driveway, road, park. Tall standing lamps are equipped with LED light sources from 9W up, up to 50W or even 150W in street lighting.
Modern garden lighting - replaceable or integrated LED light source?
Modern garden lamps are available in two variants:
- with an integrated LED light source
- or without a light source.
Contrary to appearances, the latter solution has a lot of advantages, because although it means that you need to choose and buy the right light source from among a wide range of products (Lunares store staff is heppy to help), but it also means that it is replaceable light source . The exchangeability of a light source has an invaluable value when such a light source is damaged and there is a need to replace them. Thanks to interchangeability of light source, simply replace the bulb and the garden lamp is repaired and shines back on. In the case of integrated LED light sources, it is often necessary to replace the entire lamp in the event of a fault.
Modern outdoor lamps are often offered with integrated LED light sources . Which also has many advantages: the light source is optimally selected for the lamp so that the responsibility for choosing a bulb is removed from the customer. The use of integrated sources allows manufacturers to offer products that have any contoured shape of the lighting element itself, so they can offer more sophisticated garden lighting. It is worth paying attention to the quality aspect and whether the offered lighting has the manufacturer's option of replacing the bulb, as well as the warranty period, because in the event of damage to a non-replaceable light source, we must replace the entire garden lamps.
Garden lamps: types
Catalogs of online stores, offer thousands of products that allow you to design your lighting for the garden and home. Outdoor lighting is divided into several basic types :
Garden lanterns - tall floor lamps
They can be either generally in the form of classic wrought lanterns, or miniature. The height and power of the lamp varies depending on the function of the installation site. Usually lamps of this type are installed to illuminate the main garden paths and garden gates.
Garden lighting columns
Allow you to highlight and mark a path or walkway in the garden or around the house. They determine the direction of movement and can be used to highlight topographic features. Most often, garden lamps are made in the form of light columns or posts and installed directly in the ground. Thanks to the not very high height and directing the light down, they do not dazzle the observer, while fulfilling the role of an effective decoration that helps to express the style of your garden.
Outdoor wall lamps
Mounted on a house or fence, they can illuminate the area around or highlight the facade of a house or fence. Outdoor sconces with a narrow beam angle are very popular among architects, because this allows you to achieve the characteristic impressive-looking light columns on the building.
Garden recessed lighting
Outdoor lights recessed into the ground or pavement: paving stones, paving slabs or asphalt. You can use them to mark the path or path, as well as to illuminate the buildings or plants and trees of your garden. or as a security lighting. A recessed outdoor lamp can be installed in covering paved paths, curbs, stairs. These lamps should be fully waterproof with IP67 protection. It is also important to know about the pressure they may be subjected to, in particular that they may be walkover lights on which we can drive a car. There are also recessed lamps designed to be placed in a pool or pond to illuminate the water.
Garden hanging lamps
Just like ordinary wall lights, single or in complex compositions: outdoor string lights. The hanging outdoor lamps are as porch lights or to illuminate arbors.. Hanging garden lighting can be mounted on walls, columns, beams and even tree branches.
Floating lights . A spectacular way to highlight a decorative pond or fountain. Manufacturers offer closed high-tech lamps made in the form of matte and transparent balls, as well as elegant models imitating water lilies and lotus flowers.
Current trends in landscape design require several garden lamps at the same time, and even emphasize the combination of several types of lamps at the same time so that the final result looks like a real work of art.